Basic CarePuppy CarePet HealthBehaviour & TrainingSafetyFAQ

BASIC CARE

Understanding your dog’s condition is one of the most important parts of how to take care of your dog. It is important to know if they are in their best health and condition as they cannot speak and tell us themselves. It is up to their owner to take care of them in terms of hygiene and health. Each breed has different types of conditions and it is up to us to understand their need in order to keep them at a tip-top condition. Here are the few tips to look out for when it comes to taking care of your dogs.

  • Every breed of dog has different types of coats depending on their breed and their origins. Where some of them are double coated others are single coated. The difference between the double coated and the single coated dog breeds is double coated dogs have long hair on the top layer of fur, making it mostly water resistance and a dogs first layer of protection from their immediate external environment. The bottom coat on the other hand has the shorter hair where it will keep them from cold and harsh weather, working as an insulator and keeping them warm.
  • Always keep your dog’s ears clean as most of the time infections spread from the ears to the dog’s body. Most of the time if their ears are clean, it will not produce a moldy odor. If ears are not cleaned as required, you might need to bring your pet to the vet. Dogs ears are build somewhat differently, with an ‘L’ shape in comparison to human ears which are straight. For routine care, take doggy wet wipes wrapping it around your index finger, place it in your dogs ear and dig. Keep in mind, because of the twisty, curvy design of a dog’s inner ears, it’s easy for parasites, bacteria and yeast to hide and thrive in them. Inner-ear skin is delicate, so allow your vet to demonstrate the proper method for cleaning your dog’s ears.
  • Dog can hide their sickness very well. Therefore it is up to the owner to observe the dog’s behavior where there is a continuous act of odd behavior such as missing meals or their daily routines. Sometimes a simple longer than average nap and a refusal to get up may indicate that your dog is not feeling to good and perhaps need a good check up from the doctor and lots of hugs and kisses from you.
  • Dogs are active by nature, and continuous play, fun and activities is what most of them crave to do, especially with you. To keep a dog healthy, the best way is to give your dog a job for example train them to help you around the house with helping you with the door, to running upstairs to wake someone up. Giving your dog a daily exercise routine would also help maintain your dog’s ideal body weight and on top of that, strengthen their muscles and bones. A scheduled walk in the park or a game of tug the rope would help your dog lose the built up energy, build his resistance and enjoy your company at the same time.
  • There is no proof that states that an old dog can’t learn new tricks. It is however a fact that the older a dog becomes the less likely he would want to do loads of jumping and sprinting, especially for a long time. But an occasional sprint and a good relax lay down after would be quite refreshing and enjoyable for dogs. Depending on the dogs breed and capabilities, some dogs may be more prone to joint and muscle pain in comparison to other breeds. Hence, always try something fun with your dogs no matter what their ages are, but take precautions, you don’t want grandpa paws to have a weak knee.
  • Keeping your dog from table scraps will reduce their chances of obesity as obesity will definitely reduce the lifespan of your dog. It is important not to over feed your dog, as a full balance meal of pet food is sufficient. A scheduled food time and a continuous quantity in food is sufficient for your dog. Remember treats are only for good behavior and training moments, feeding them excessive amounts of treats would reduce their need to eat during feeding time.
  • Plaque is a substance that forms on the teeth within a few hours after a meal. Within 24 hours, plaque begins to harden by combining with salts that are present in the saliva. As the plaque continues to accumulate and mineralize, it eventually transforms into tartar. It is common that we overlook the dog’s dental health until they start to have bad breath. Dental care for dogs is very important to ensure that they have strong teeth and gums to help them chew and munch on their most favorite treats. Dog’s teeth are how they eat, play, and do many other things. You want to make sure that they are healthy. Dog dental health must be kept well in young age by brushing their teeth or feeding them with dental treats.
  • Grooming is very important especially for dogs with long fur. Did you know you can tell a dog’s health condition based on their fur coat. Therefore a regular basis of grooming for your dog is highly recommended. Proper shampoo to ensure moisture & to protect them from ticks and any infection. Ticks are your dog’s worst enemy as this small parasites cause serious health issue for your beloved pet. It’s always best to check your dog odd behavior such as constant scratching to prevent such parasite invasion. Not to forget the nails which are the most important part of a dog’s grooming and hygiene. Nails are cut properly to ensure your dog’s posture is not affected.
  • Never overlook how much water your dog needs to drink each day. Always keep your dog bowl filled with water and make sure it is always clean. Fresh & Clean water after a good day of basking in the sun in just what your dog needs to hydrate. Dogs don’t sweat; therefore the only way for them to release the heat is from their paws and by panting. Panting dehydrates them and a consistent flow of water is definitely important to sustain them for the whole day.

PUPPY CARE

Having a dog as a pet means pure responsibility from financial support to tender care. It is most essential to know your capabilities before investing in a dog, especially when your beloved dog is still a puppy. Young dogs required more care and attention in order for them to keep healthy physically and emotionally. Yes dogs get lonely too and with more attention, dogs will understand when play time or silent moments are. This is to ascertain the dog grows up in the best health condition. During this stage the puppy will need more attention from their owner as it is an important stage for your dog to learn life skills, adapt to new environment and build bonding with you.

  • The first thing all puppies need is to be vaccinated and dewormed by the vet, preferably at the age of 6 weeks and every 4 to 6 week afterwards. The puppy’s health condition also very much depends on its parents. Similar to humans, hereditary illness and possible health risk can be brought down the blood line. Having a good record of your dog’s parents would help you protect and secure your dog’s health at a very early stage.
  • Spotting your puppies odd behaviours would help you determine whether it’s in good health or feeling under the weather. This may be a challenge but there are a few major signs to note; Diarrhea, vomiting and refusing to eat are the signs that your puppy may not be in optimal health. A quick visit to the vet might help determine the cause and perhaps prevent your puppy from going through it again.
  • A regular visit to the vet will keep your puppy in good condition as your vet will do a regular check up on your puppy’s intestinal glands, vital organs and top coat. All problems common to dogs such as worms, dry skin & over active glands can be spotted before these illnesses get to an unmanageable stage.
  • Feeding the correct types of food is also very important as it contributes to your puppy’s development. Wrong type of food might instill to deficiency of vitamins and minerals. This deficiency will contribute to uneven growth of their coat, lack of energy and even low level of immunity.
  • Make sure your little puppy gets all the exercise they need. Young pups like to play and will want activity frequently. Every breed has different activity and exercise needs. Find out what kind of activity your breed of pup needs to stay physically and emotionally sound.
  • Puppies play as much as they sleep and it is your duty to keep them entertained when they are at their most active moments and comfortable at their most slumber of times.
  • Keeping your young pup dental hygiene at a young age is important as when they grow older they will get used to the routine and makes them much healthier and your job of cleaning much easier.
  • Obedience training can be done at such early age, but don’t get frustrated because puppy’s always love to play and hardly concentrate on one thing. Make it as a playing session with the young pup will make your job easier.

PET HEALTH

Dogs are a man’s best friend. We at ProBalance build our company around this heart felt agreement to make sure our best friends stay with us for as long as their lives allow. During their lifetime your dog will rely on you as their owner to take care of them and in turn they will provide their companionship to you. It’s always best to start taking care of your dog’s when they are young. If you are a new pet owner, make sure to read up on all you need to know about dog care. It helps to speak to people who have plenty of experience with dog care and have pets of their own. The most important place to get advise and knowledge from is your local vet.

  • If your dog is having an issue with their coat such as greasy or dull with flakes in the fur, or the fur smells bad, it’s best to bring it to your nearest vet to diagnose the problem. Usually this can be prevented if you feed your pet with enough nutrition and balanced meal. It would also help for dogs with long coats to have regular coat grooming either professionally or at home.
  • For some dog breeds, sensitive skin prone issues cannot be avoided and owners may have to watch specific foods consumed by their dogs.Some dogs will develop skin allergies which causes bad odor, fur shedding or red spots. Make sure to ask your vet about what are the causes of the allergy and once identified helping to protect your dog would be easier. It is important to detect these issues in the early stage to help curb and heal your dog.
  • If you find your dog constantly scratching and trying to shake something from their ears, this may be due to an ear infection. Dog’s ears have many angles and turns and it is easy to miss certain spots when it comes to cleaning their ears. Many ticks, mites and simple dust particles can get trapped inside. Have your veterinarian help you out with fast cleaning while showing you how to do it yourself. Careful veterinary management and medication will reduce this condition in affected dogs.
  • Heartworm is one of the common diseases which can be fatal if no action is taken. The common tell-tale sign is where your dog is coughing, sudden weight loss and also lack of energy. This parasite lives in the dog’s heart where they constantly feeding on the dog’s blood. Local veterinary medical expertise is urgently needed.
  • Your canine mate needs plenty of activity and opportunity to exercise every day if it is not to become bored and destructive around the home. Carefully let your dog to socialized, both with people and other dogs and don’t forget to bring them out to the park occasionally.

BEHAVIOUR & TRAINING

Most of the time your dogs are unable to express their thinking through words, therefore owners need to learn their body language. Dogs send their feeling through their body language more than you can imagine, as dogs also relies on our body language to understand what we are trying to tell them as yelling only sound like barking through dog ears. By understanding each other’s body language you will be able to tell what your dog is feeling and owners will be able to train their beloved dogs more easily.

Different dog breeds have different tail signals as well and knowing your breed of dog would give you a better understanding of their body language.

  • Your first and most important body signature is a dog’s tail. Unlike common belief that a tail wag is a happy dog, this has been proven not quite the full story. Tails play a very important role to gage their body language, it’s the first part of them you see over the gate, from a distance and when they are around you. Lots can be learnt from a dog’s tail from its wag to the position of its tail. All these indicate fear, happiness or anger shown by a dog. Here are a few simple tell sign of what your dog’s tail tells you, as a tale can be told by a tail.
    • A dog wags its tail to the right when it spots someone or something familiar and to the left when it feels threatened.
    • When with the owner the dog wags its tail with their hips from side to side it means that they are very happy to see the owner and they recognize you as their master.
    • Even when the dog is with the stranger they can show you who they want to be friends with where they will wag their tail in a broad position without any hip movement accompany it.
    • When your dog is confuse about your message they will wag their tail in a slightly lower position as usual, this means they are trying to interpret what you might be telling them to do.
    • If doggies tail is tucked right behind his hind legs and his body position is low, your dog is either frightened or submissive. It is at these times dogs tend to bite out of fright or nervousness.
    • What about tail lacking dogs? The answer is you will notice tail lacking dogs tend to approach their dog counterparts slowly and calmly to not appear as a treat or to alarm the other dog.

Fact: Did you know that wagging tails brings out dog’s doggy scent. Each dog has a scent that’s unique to him or her. An “alpha” or dominant dog that carries his tail high will release more of his scent than a dog that carries his tail lower.

  • Since dogs don’t speak using languages that we humans understand, most of the time they might use their barking to tell you what they are currently thinking and what they want from their beloved owner. This will take time as you might learn to identify the dogs tone, sometime the owner can tell what their dog trying to tell them thorough care and bonding.
    • When the dog sees the owner or someone familiar, where they might be out of reach the dogs will usually bark once or twice short back to let their owner know “I see you” or as a greeting.
    • The dog might bark when they feel annoyed or being disturbed as a warning before they get unhappy. They will usually do a single short bark with a sharper tone to tell that he is feeling uncomfortable or annoyed.
    • When the dog is feeling depressed or even lonely they will do a continuous bark or pauses in between to let their owner know that they are in need of companion.
    • Some guard dogs even will bark when some stranger have approach their territory by barking in a continuous sharp short tones.
    • On some occasions your dog will howl and bark at the same time, this means that your dog is feeling alone and wanting someone to respond to their calling.
  • Sometime training your dog needs a little bit more than patients to successfully teach & train your dog to do what you want. This is where body language of both parties are learnt and practiced.
    • When you’re training your dog the most important part is the bond that you have between you and your dog.
    • Reward your dog when they have done something right. When your dog is panting this means that they are ready for your command.
    • Sometime your dog will just lie down and sigh as this usually means that they do not understand what you are trying to tell them, therefore a different approach is needed in order to send the message to your dog clearly.

SAFETY

Keeping your pet away from harm is one task that the owner should pay attention to, as not all dogs are able to keep themselves from harmful situation. Even some of the daily routine could invite accident if we are not careful enough. We as owners of a dog should always be prepared to prevent any misfortune event happening on our beloved pet. So there are always few easy tips for the owner to keep your pet safe and sound.

  • There is a very big difference if you kept your dog roam on the street rather than inside the safety of your home area. Your dog may get hit by moving vehicles, caught parasite from the bush or even get bitten by other poisonous animal in the wild. Therefore, always keep your dog in the safety zone of your home area.
  • Keeping your dog in proper temperature is also an important part. Especially for long coated dog, a more cooling environment should be presented because when dog is over heated they will easily get heat stroke which may result in death. Never left your dog in your car unattended under the sun and always provide them with sufficient water to drink.
  • Whenever you bring your dog out for a walk it is best to have them on the lease as your dog may not be able to interpret the traffic situation accurately.
  • Feeding dog table scraps will definitely create problem for the dog’s health in a long term. Even though it is not visible now but as the dog get older the effect will be obvious because of their weaken immune system.
  • One man’s meat is another man’s poison. This also applies to your canine mate. There is a lot of human food that is poisonous to them. Know it all and avoid giving it to your pet.
    • Chocolate or any food which contain caffeine will causes the dog to vomit, diarrhea and it is toxic to their heart
    • Feeding your dog with fish excessively could also causes health problem and will result in seizure, loss of appetite or in severe case death
    • Raw egg is also known to cause their coat to dull or matt and also will result in skin allergies
    • Giving your dog with human treats such as sweet which contain high level of sugar can causes the dog to be overweight

FAQ

I'm using a commercial dog food but I have dogs with different sizes do I have to feed them with different type of dog food?
Does my dog get enough nutrition from the food I feed them?
Should the ProBalance™ wet food be cooked before serving to my dog?
I see on packaging labels of dog food meat by product. Are ‘by-product’ ingredients good for my dog?
Meat meal or Raw Meal, Which one is better for my dog’s complete balance nutrition?